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2019高考复习资料:2018湛江二模各科试题及答案汇总

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原标题:2019高考复习资料:2018湛江二模各科试题及答案汇总

2018湛江二模各科试题及答案向学霸进军已汇总整理,考题由知名专家结合了高考大纲(考试说明)并依托最新时事为背景出的,通过此次考试,高三的考生可了解自己的复习备考情况,同时也可以作为2019高考复习资料。

2018湛江二模各科试题及答案目录一览

2018湛江二模(语文科目)试题及答案

2018湛江二模(数学科目)试题及答案

2018湛江二模(英语科目)试题及答案

2018湛江二模(物理/化学/生物)试题及答案

2018湛江二模(地理/历史/政治)试题及答案

广东省湛江市2018届高三下学期第二次模拟考试英语试题

第I卷

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Some Great Mini Adventures in the UK

It’s time to come out of winter hibernation and get into the great outdoors. From souped-up bike rides to white water rafting for beginners, there’s an adventure here for everyone.

Swim with seals, Lundy Island

Suits Water babies

Difficulty: Moderate

This small island off the coast of Devon has an abundance of wildlife to discover. The cliffs are home to scores of birds; the grassland harbours the Lundy pony and sika deer and the sea grey seals. It’s these sea mammals that offer the most memorable encounters. Well-known for getting up close and personal with snorkelers, they often nuzzle their human visitors (despite rules stating people should keep a distance!).

Epic sunset picnic, Edinburgh

Suits Everyone

Difficulty: Easy

Rising above Edinburgh is the former volcano known as Arthur’s Seat. Glaciers later shaped it into a wedge-like hillock. It has several walking routes up to its 251-metre summit and a few free attractions to explore - from the ruins of an old fort to a 15th-century chapel and bird-rich Duddingston Loch. With its closeness to the shops, getting supplies for a picnic is a simple affair, and then you can climb to the top to watch the sun set over the city.

A mini-pilgrimage, Kent

Suits Walkers on a quest

Difficulty: Moderate

With Spain’s Camino de Santiago drawing a record number of hikers, the UK has muscled in on the renaissance of walks with a spiritual slant. The British Pilgrimage Trust is working to establish the Old Way, an ancient pilgrimage (朝圣) route rediscovered from Britain’s oldest road map. To walk the 217-mile route from Southampton to Canterbury takes about a fortnight, but the last three days from Ham Street to Canterbury Cathedral - taking in ancient woodlands, a medieval castle, the ancient Saxon shoreline (now miles inland), holy wells and even a safari park, makes for a worthy wander no matter what your beliefs.

21. On Lundy Island, what will probably make you most unforgettable?

A. Birds. B. The Lundy pony and sika deer.

C. The sea grey seals. D. Old buildings.

22. Along the way up to the mountain in Edinburgh, you can .

A. see a live volcano B. visit some places of interest

C. find many souvenir shops D. watch the sunrise

23. How long does it take to cover the 217-mile route from Southampton to Canterbury?

A. Three days. B. A month. C. Two weeks. D. A quarter.

B

After September 11th, as it became apparent that the United States would bomb Afghanistan, an open letter written by an Afghan appeared on the Internet. It requested Americans to realize that Afghanistan was already a devastated country. It needed food, not vengeance; sympathy, not hate.

The Kite Runner, a novel by Afghan-American writer Khaled Hosseini, takes this one step further. The first novel to be written in English by an Afghan, it spans the period from before the 1979 Soviet invasion until the reconstruction following the fall of the disgusting Taliban.

The novel portrays the Afghans as an independent and proud people who for decades have defended their country against one invader after another. But the narrator wonders if his people will ever go beyond the range of the tribalism that continues to threaten Afghanistan’s integrity. “Maybe,” he thinks, “it was a hopeless place.”

As a boy, Amir cowardly betrays his servant and best friend, the Hazara boy Hassan. When the Russians come, Amir and his father move to California, where Amir becomes a successful writer. He embraces America because it “had no ghosts, no memories, and no sins.” But when Amir learns that a childhood mentor is ailing back home, he returns to discover that his relationship to Hassan had been deeper than he realized. This leads him on a dangerous journey to rescue and adopt Hassan’s son, whose father the Taliban had executed.

The novel derives its name from the Afghan custom of doing battle with kites. Although the book can sometimes be exaggerated and garrulous (唠叨的), it provides an extraordinary perspective on the struggles of a country that, until that mournful September day, had been for too long ignored or misunderstood. And despite its more disturbing episodes, the novel ends with a note of optimism about Afghanistan’s future, an optimism that the whole world would prefer to see unspoiled. Inshallah, as Afghans say: God willing.

24. Why did an open letter by an Afghan appear on the Internet?

A. Because Americans wanted to give a hand to Afghanistan.

B. Because Afghanistan made another attempt to bomb America.

C. Because it wanted to pour oil on the flames.

D. Because it tried to avoid the revenge from America.

25. What does the underlined word “this” refer to?

A. Afghanistan is a prosperous country.

B. Afghanistan needs a favor rather than hate.

C. Afghanistan is to blame for September 11th.

D. Afghanistan is rich in food,

26. Which of the following statements about The Kite Runner is True?

A. Amir feels guilty of betraying Hassan.

B. It is easy for Amir to rescue Hassan’s son.

C. Tribalism helps unite Afghanistan.

D. Hassan is no more than Amir’s servant and best friend.

27. According to the last paragraph, what does the author think of The Kite Runner?

A. The novel conveys positive messages about Afghanistan.

B. Misunderstanding over Afghanistan deepens after reading it.

C. It is written in exaggerated and dark ways and brings readers a sense of pessimism.

D. The novel fails to tell readers optimism about Afghanistan’s future.

C

As with most of the famous figures whose passing now hits us via a news alert on our phones, I never met Stephen Hawking. In the vastness of the entire universe, you could say I was one speck and he was another. And yet I thought of him as a continual presence in my life, who -in the light of his illness, not to mention of his work on time - would always be there, somehow.

Growing up disabled in Britain, I didn’t have many role models. There are hardly any statues of disabled leaders, no great lives with chronic disability documented in the history books. As a child it’s easy to believe that disabled people have never really existed, and that when they did, it was as cripples to be pitied or burdens on society. In Hawking, we had a figure - brilliant, witty, kind - who confounded the negative stereotypes and the low expectations so often forced on those of us with a disability.

He wasn’t without faults. He was also afforded opportunities - from wealth to healthcare to being non-disabled throughout school - that clearly enabled his success, opportunities too few young disabled people, facing cuts to multiple strands of support, enjoy today. But his groundbreaking research, as well as tireless commitment to the NHS, established him as someone who, though physically stripped of his voice, should be listened to.

This is not to say that Hawking’s disability didn’t help shape him. The thought that he had a sharply limited life expectancy - it was originally believed he would die within two years of his motor neuron disease diagnosis — by all accounts inspired Hawking to enjoy the present, and spurred on his hunger for scientific discovery. It is reminiscent of the countless “inspirational” memes and posters that throughout his life featured Hawking’s image — often using his body as inspiration for non-disabled people (“If he can succeed, so can you!”) or criticizing “lesser” disabled people (“The only disability is a bad attitude”). Hawking, like all of us, deserves more than lazy, ableist tropes.

Amid all the tributes to Hawking’s contribution to scientific discovery, I would like to remember what he contributed - perhaps unknowingly - to many disabled people: a sense of pride, encouragement and hope. This was a genius who gained the world’s respect from his wheelchair. Hawking’s achievements alone will not have begun to overturn deep-seated prejudice, but he has played a significant part in shifting the misconceptions that still routinely mark too many disabled people’s lives. Hawking’s lesser-known lesson is one I hope others growing up disabled will be left with: we can all reach for the stars.

28. The author and Stephen are .

A. close friends B. complete strangers

C. famous scientists D. disabled leaders

29. Why does the author think disabled people have never really existed?

A. Because the disabled seldom play a key role in society.

B. Because the disabled are a burden to society.

C. Because respect is shown to the disabled

D. Because the disabled are not kind or smart.

30. What does the underlined phrase “stripped of” probably mean?

A. softened. B. kept down.

C. taken away. D. shaken.

31. Which of the following statements does the author agree with?

A. Using Hawking as inspiration for non-disabled people is a compliment for the disabled.

B. Hawking is a perfect man respected by the disabled.

C. Hawking’s achievements in science have completely changed the prejudice against the disabled.

D. Other disabled people deserve the same respect as that for Hawking.

D

From shopping centers and airports to concert venues and mobile phones, facial recognition technology can now be used in all of them due to advances in technology.

U.S. company FaccFirst has developed facial recognition software that can help police. Officers can take a picture of a suspect with a smartphone. The photo then can be compared to a database to see whether the person has a criminal history.

Facial recognition technology has made great advances in recent years. Machines can now match faces that are not in a controlled environment with good lighting and a full shot. A side shot or moving image of the face may be enough for artificial intelligence to make a match.

“Where this is going is very exciting. We think about everyday items that we have that are going away. Our house keys, our car keys, our ATM cards, our passwords are all starting to go away and instead, we’re going to be using facial recognition.” Trepp said.

The ability to capture an image of a person without permission is a gray area when it comes to privacy, especially when many smartphones now have facial recognition in them so photos taken by the phone can pull up faces of friends with a timestamp and location information.

“There is visual of you, who you’re with, so it’s no longer just about your privacy. Whoever you’re with, the photos you’re taking of them, it’s like secondhand smoking - everybody you take a selfie with, etc., you’ve compromised as an individual their privacy, too, in some sense and we’re not seeking permission from any of them,” Natarajan said.

“The new generation, I think, has a different perspective on privacy than we do. My kids, your kids, all of our kids are growing up in a much more shared experience world,” Natarajan added. “My biggest privacy concern is actually not the government, it’s the big companies where there are really no limits on how they can share data, what they can use it for, how they can exploit it.”

“It’s a powerful tool and with power comes responsibility,” Trepp said. Facial recognition researchers say a social framework should be created to guide the use of this technology so it can be used safely to benefit society and not exploit it.

32. Which of the following statements is True?

A. Facial recognition technology can only be used for safety.

B. With facial recognition we can easily find lost keys.

C. Facial recognition technologies can take the place of police.

D. Facial recognition is a powerful technology which needs guiding.

33. Machines probably can not make a match .

A. when the item is moving B. when it’s in pure darkness

C. when only a side shot is taken D. when it is in soft lighting

34. Why did Natarajan think facial recognition is like secondhand smoking?

A. Because it can be used as a way of prohibiting smoking in public.

B. Because you will be addicted to taking selfies.

C. Because no one is willing to take a photo with you.

D. Because it violates other’s privacy unconsciously.

35. What can we infer about the new generation’s opinion on facial recognition?

A. It should be banned.

B. They share the same concern about privacy with their parents.

C. They are more likely not to care about the privacy problem it might bring.

D. They are unwilling to share their experience.

第二节(共5小题:每小题2分,满分10分)

Brand is one of the most important things when starting a blog or any website, that name stays with you, everything you do is to build that name. 36 Below you’ll find 4 tried and true methods that you’ll find just as useful.

1. Look at Competitors’ Blog Names

This may seem like a no-brainer but doing your research on the kinds of blogs you’ll be competing against, will give you an idea of what type of name will work for your own blog. 37 However, it may just be the perfect nudge to get those creative juices flowing.

2. Take Inspiration from Books

Whoever said you have to conform to rules when creating names? Why not take some advice from the World’s greatest authors and use your favorite literature as inspiration.

With millions of books out there, it won’t take you long to find something that inspires and delights for your new blog. 38

3. 39

What happens if you’ve already come up with the perfect blog name, but it’s already registered elsewhere on the net? I’m sure we’ve all been there at some point and it’s incredibly frustrating, to say the least, but don’t write off your favorite name just yet.

You can use the range of methods such as suffixes, phonemes, and prefixes to name a few, in order come up with alternative name suggestions that usually end up being even better.

4. Use Humor

Laughter and humor is an infectious tonic with the benefit of making your readers smile. Try boosting those endorphins by creating a blog name that portrays a wicked sense of humor.

40 But if your tone of voice is fun, fresh and witty then there’s nothing to lose and is well worth giving a try.

A. Play with Words

B. Use Abbreviations

C. It may not work for more professional blogs.

D. Of course, you’re not going to be copying anyone.

E. Because all are full to the brim with wonderful words.

F. So it has to be something you’ll look back on as a great choice!

G. Abbreviations are beneficial because they keep things short and sweet.

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 完型填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Just thinking on the events from the past week, there’s a lot I could have written about. But instead of focusing on all the craziness that happened and letting it keep me up at night, I picked up a(n) 41 . Not an e-book. Not a download to iBooks. A good, old-fashioned book 42 in 2014.

In all fairness, digital content has made the world 43 to anyone with a 44 or a smartphone. But 45 a lot of digital content can be unhealthy. Reports have shown that smartphone use can help 46 depression, and bedtime use of electronics can be disruptive to your body’s sleep 47 .

Thinking back to the past few years, I can see a significant 48 in just my sleep quality when I read a physical book 49 when I read a digital book at bedtime. When I read from my phone, I 50 to feel more exhausted the next day, be a little more irritable and 51 , and I frequently woke up during the night. Moreover, I cannot use a digital textbook. I find it difficult to 52 the information stored in the simplest way possible. 53 , when I read a book, I was able to 54 concentrate on my work, I was more alert in general, and I was positive.

You may not face these 55 : Everybody is different. You may even be trying to 56 paper. But that doesn’t mean you should 57 your screen the whole time. For millennia, books were the go-to source of knowledge. They’ve stood the test of time, and they haven’t 58 us yet.

59 compares to the excitement and journey of reading a book, not for a class or a job, but for the 60 .

41. A. phone B. iPad C. pen D. book

42. A. published B. sold C. written D. shared

43. A. reliable B. accessible C. acceptable D. respectable

44. A. computer B. library C. bookstore D. printer

45. A. refusing B. creating C. consuming D. purchasing

46. A. case B. face C. manage D. fuel

47. A. walker B. cycle C. illness D. disorder

48. A. progress B. question C. role D. difference

49. A. opposed to B. exposed to C. compared to D. related to

50. A. tended B. failed C. agreed D. pretended

51. A. relaxed B. valuable C. frightened D. anxious

52. A. record B. give C. process D. trust

53. A. However B. Thus C. Additionally D. Consequently

54. A. less B. fewer C. farther D. better

55. A. challenges B. risks C. responsibilities D. dangers

56. A. cut B. save C. provide D. throw

57. A. experiment with B. look away from C. stick to D. take no notice of

58. A. believed B. betrayed C. failed D. forgot

59. A. Everything B. Nothing C. Somebody D. Nobody

60. A. enjoyment B. hardship C. argument D. respect

第II卷

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第二节(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Anxiety is common, but how it affects the brain is, as yet, poorly understood. New research 61 (reveal) “anxiety cells,” which provides a fresh direction for research into new treatments.

In the wild, an animal that never feels anxiety would quickly become a dead animal. This is due to the fact 62 anxiety produces a raised sense of awareness and physiological readiness to fight or fly, which is essential for 63 (survive). For many people, 64 , anxiety is triggered in situations 65 it is unnecessary or even unhelpful, such as a 66 (crowd) mall or when talking to a group of friends. For these people, anxiety becomes a problem. Rather than a sensible reaction to a life-threatening situation, anxiety becomes triggered 67 (inappropriate). Anxiety disorders are “the most common mental illness” in the United States, 68 (affect) an estimated 40 million adults. Because of this high prevalence, researchers are forging ahead in 69 effort to uncover what goes on in the brain. It is important to understand which brain circuits are controlling the anxiety response, and what goes wrong 70 those circuits in people with anxiety disorders.

第四部分 写作 (共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、剜除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

What is something you can’t see but is all around you? What hold an airplane in the sky? The answer with all these questions is air. Though you can’t see air, but you know it’s there. You can feel them. Air is a mixture of invisible gas. Put your hands on your chest and take deep breath. What happens? Your chest rises so your lungs are filling with air. Also, the tires on bikes, cars, trucks and buses need air to keep roll. The atmosphere blocks out much of the sun’s harmful rays. The atmosphere traps the heat from the sun. It makes our world warmly enough for life to grow.

第二节 书面表达 (满分25分)

假如你是李华,作为交换生到英国学习,为了增进中英学生的友谊,你打算在校园草坪上举行联欢晚会。请你代表来自中国的交换生们给学校管理人员写一封请求信,希望得到允许在学校草坪上举行晚会。内容包括:

(1) 晚会的时间;

(2) 可能造成的影响和相应的保证。

注意:1.词数100左右。

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

参考词汇:lawns草坪

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